Panhard Automobiles .

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PANHARD

Panhardis a French producer of sunshine tactical and army automobiles. Its present incarnation, now owned by Renault Trucks Defense, was shaped by the acquisition of Panhard by Auverlandin 2005. Panhard had been underneath Citroën possession, then PSA(Peugeot société anonyme) after the 1974 takeover of Citroën by Peugeot, for 40 years. The mixed firm now makes use of the Panhard identify; this was determined based mostly on research indicating that the Panhard identify had higher model recognition worldwide than the Auverland identify. Panhard as soon as constructed revolutionary civilian automobiles however ceased manufacturing of these in 1968. Lots of its army merchandise nevertheless find yourself on the civilian market by way of third sources and as army/authorities surplus automobiles. Panhard additionally constructed railbusesbetween the wars.

Panhard et Levassor bought their first vehicle in 1890, based mostly on a Daimler engine license. Levassor obtained his licence from Paris lawyer Edouard Sarazin, a pal and consultant of Gottlieb Daimler's pursuits in France. Following Sarazin's 1887 dying, Daimler commissioned Sarazin's widow Louise to hold on her late husband's company. The Panhard et Levassor license was finalised by Louise, who married Levassor in 1890. Daimler and Levassor turned quick associates, and shared enhancements with each other.

These first automobiles set many trendy requirements, however every was a one-off design. They used a clutch pedal to function a chain-driven gearbox. The car additionally featured a front-mounted radiator. An 1895 Panhard et Levassor is credited with the primary trendy transmission. For the 1894 Paris–Rouen Rally, Alfred Vacheron outfitted his four horsepower (three.zero kW; four.1 PS) with a steering wheel, believed to be one of many earliest employments of the precept.

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